Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilievich (1711-1765)
Lomonosov, Mikhail Vasilyewich
Born: Denisovka near Archangelsk (Russia), 1711
Died: St. Petersburg (Russia), 1765
Lomonosov was the son of a fisherman who taught himself classical languages and philosophy. In 1736-1741 he spent in Germany where he also studied the sciences. In 1745 he was appointed professor of chemistry. Lomonosov was a poet and grammarian who is often considered to be the first great Russian linguistic reformer, but he also did extensive works on the topics of chemistry and physics. Departing from an atomistic concept of matter he predicted that heat is produced by rotating particles with high friction, thus denying the validity of the then prevalent phologiston theory of combustion. He also did research on colours and on glass.