The European Commission has recently released the 2017 European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS), a tool providing a comparative assessment of research and innovation performance and the relative strengths and weaknesses of national research and innovation systems. Overall, innovation performance has improved in 15 countries, though large differences exist between these Member States. Sweden remains the innovation leader while Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria and UK are the fastest growing innovators. In a global perspective, the EU is catching up with Canada and the US, but South Korea and Japan are pulling ahead. China shows the fastest progress among international competitors.